Without having the Rosetta Stone, we wouldn’t know nothing of the ancient Egyptian.
The facts of their 3,000 yrs of history would continue to be a mystery.
The stone was discovered by a French captain known as Pierre Bouchard in AD 1799.
He was a captain during the Napoleonic wars.
Captain Bouchard was supervising the refurbishment of an outdated fort near the town of Rosetta.
This is when he discovered a block of basalt 3 ft 9 in. (114 cm) high and 2 ft 4½ in. (72 cm) wide inscribed with three different types of writings.
The significance of the Rosetta Stone lies in its appearing inscribed in 3 scripts : demotic, Greek, and hieroglyphs.
However there is only 2 languages; ancient Egyptian and Greek.
The Rosetta Stone furnished scholars, for the very first time, with a Greek interpretation of an Egyptian language.
As well as, the Greek segment was found to consist of a decree passed on March 27, 196 B.C. by Egyptian priests that gathered at Memphis to commemorate the first anniversary of the coronation of Ptolemy.
Simply because Greeks created the upper levels of the Ptolemaic bureaucracy and Egyptian speakers formed the substantial majority of the population all the way through the Ptolemaic period (305-30 B.C.), royal decrees were being routinely written in both Greek and Egyptian.
As a result the text of the Greek section of the Rosetta Stone ended up being repeated in both Egyptian hieroglyphic script, utilized mainly for breathtaking inscriptions, and demotic.
A script produced from hieroglyphs via cursive hieratic.
Demotic was the contemporary written script including the current form of the language in the Ptolemaic period.
Let us not forget it was extremely different from the hieroglyphs in grammar and vocabular.
An English physician, Thomas Young, demonstrated in 1819 written in an article in the Encyclopedia Britannica; that hieroglyphs are basically phonetic.
Yet not symbolic, as had formerly been thought.
This awareness offered the French scholar Jean François Champollian the foundation for further discoveries.
In 1822 Lettre a M. Dacier proclaimed the starting pint of the scientific reading of hieroglyphs and the 1st step in the direction ofthe formulation of a method of ancient Egyptian grammar, the basis of modern Egyptology.
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